Diet has a significant role to initiate as well as prevent chronic diseases. In modern days, health experts promote different healthy diet patterns, which has a traditional history of disease preventive action. Mediterranean diet is one of the most clinically accepted healthy diet patterns. In past European countries including Greece, France, Spain, and Italy were mainly followed a Mediterranean diet, but now it is globally accepted due to its evidence-based health benefits.
In 1993, the classic Mediterranean Diet Pyramid officially introduced by Harvard School of Public Health (Oldways) and European office of WHO (World Health Organization). The above segment of this pyramid contains plant-based food items, which includes beans, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, herbs, spices and essential fatty acids like omega 3, omega 6 unsaturated fatty acids. These items should be a major portion of the meal, which needs to intake regularly. This pyramids also draw the attention of health benefits of fish, seafood and fermented dairy products like yogurt, homemade cheese, etc.
These food items need to take twice a week with moderate proportion. Poultry items and eggs are also included in the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid and persuade occasional intake of these items. But the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid rarely allows red meat and sweet items consumption. In the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, water is only preferable beverage. However, occasional wine drinking is also allowed in the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid.
Mediterranean Diet planning provides guidance about the amount and frequency of each food items.
Mediterranean diet has a preventive effect against several chronic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, etc. Following are some evidence-based health benefits of the Mediterranean diet:
Apart from the above mentioned general health benefits, clinical researchers have proven that adherence to the Mediterranean diet helps to achieve clinical pregnancy and live birth among non-obese women under 35 years of age after IVF treatment. This research finding published in Human Reproduction, Oxford, England on 1st March 2018.
Clinical researchers conducted a clinical trial on 244 non-obese women. The study result showed that adherence to the Mediterranean diet during IVF treatment increased the possibility of 2.7% IVF success rate in clinical pregnancy and live birth among non-obese women who were under 35 years of age. This study finding influence clinical researchers to conduct more detail multicentre large scale trial to assess further details.
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