Mediterranean diet and IVF the success rate

Diet has a significant role to initiate as well as prevent chronic diseases. In modern days, health experts promote different healthy diet patterns, which has a traditional history of disease preventive action. Mediterranean diet is one of the most clinically accepted healthy diet patterns. In past European countries including Greece, France, Spain, and Italy were mainly followed a Mediterranean diet, but now it is globally accepted due to its evidence-based health benefits.

Mediterranean Diet Pyramid

In 1993, the classic Mediterranean Diet Pyramid officially introduced by Harvard School of Public Health (Oldways) and European office of WHO (World Health Organization). The above segment of this pyramid contains plant-based food items, which includes beans, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, herbs, spices and essential fatty acids like omega 3, omega 6 unsaturated fatty acids. These items should be a major portion of the meal, which needs to intake regularly. This pyramids also draw the attention of health benefits of fish, seafood and fermented dairy products like yogurt, homemade cheese, etc.

These food items need to take twice a week with moderate proportion. Poultry items and eggs are also included in the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid and persuade occasional intake of these items. But the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid rarely allows red meat and sweet items consumption. In the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, water is only preferable beverage. However, occasional wine drinking is also allowed in the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid.  

Mediterranean Diet Planning

Mediterranean Diet planning provides guidance about the amount and frequency of each food items.

  • Regular intake of different varieties of fruits and vegetables at least five portions per day
  • Whole grain items, which contain a significant amount of starch like rice, bread, potato, pasta, should be the major portion of the daily diet.
  • Legumes and beans should be major protein sources of daily food intake; however, different animal protein sources like fish, poultry items, and eggs require to take twice in a week. Once a week, the selected fish item should be oily.
  • Low fat and low sugar dairy items and alternative dairy products like soy-milk are also included in the weekly Mediterranean Diet chart.
  • Weekly Mediterranean diet chart also includes small portions of oils, spreads, which should be rich sources of unsaturated fatty acids.
  • Mediterranean diet also endorses 6 to 8 glasses of fluid (mainly water) intake per day.
  • Mediterranean diet does not encourage frequent intake of salty & high sugar-containing food items and high intake of animal protein including red meat. These items can be taken rarely with less quantity.  

General Health Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean diet has a preventive effect against several chronic conditions, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, etc. Following are some evidence-based  health benefits of the Mediterranean diet:

  • Mediterranean diet controls low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which is considered as bad cholesterol, as it initiates plaque formation in the artery.
  • Mediterranean diet has a preventive effect on cardiovascular diseases by protecting atherosclerosis. Research report showed that a Mediterranean diet can reduce CVD related mortality rate.
  • Mediterranean diet can also prevent different neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, etc.
  • Cancer is also prevented by consuming a Mediterranean diet. A research study showed that women, who followed the Mediterranean diet had a low incidence of breast cancer.
  • Mediterranean diet can improve bone health condition, especially in women. Women with increasing of age have a higher tendency to get osteoporosis due to hormonal imbalance. But a study conducted by Dr. Bernhard Haring showed that intake of Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of hip fracture in women.

Fertility benefit and IVF success with  Mediterranean Diet

Apart from the above mentioned general health benefits, clinical researchers have proven that adherence to the Mediterranean diet helps to achieve clinical pregnancy and live birth among non-obese women under 35 years of age after IVF treatment. This research finding published in Human Reproduction, Oxford, England on 1st March 2018.

Clinical researchers conducted a clinical trial on 244 non-obese women. The study result showed that adherence to the Mediterranean diet during IVF treatment increased the possibility of 2.7%  IVF success rate in clinical pregnancy and live birth among non-obese women who were under 35 years of age. This study finding influence clinical researchers to conduct more detail multicentre large scale trial to assess further details.  

Read Also: Sperm selection improves IVF success rate

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